Cannibalism, also called anthropophagy, usually refers to the practice of humans eating other humans.  Some anthropologists have made the claim that cannibalism has existed since the time of Neanderthals, and that it is a part of human nature. In September, 2000, scientists studying faeces of Puebloan American Indian tribesman discovered the protein myoglobin, whose only source is the heart or muscles connected to a human skeleton. The idea of cannibalism can be seen in Christianity during the practice of Communion.  In the first Communion which was given by Jesus Christ, the bread was meant to symbolize his body, and the wine symbolized his blood. Evidence points to other instances of Christian groups also participating in cannibalism.  While leading a group of Syrian crusaders 1000 years ago, Christian leader Rudolph Caen noted of his groups experience, “Our troops boiled pagan adults in cooking pots; they impaled children on spits and devoured them grilled.”

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